The 29th Academy Awards (1956): Nominees and Winners

NOMINATIONS

AWARDS

  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • Giant
  • The King and I
  • Around the World in 80 Days
  • The Ten Commandments
  • Friendly Persuasion
  • Baby Doll
  • The Bad Seed
  • The Eddy Duchin Story
  • Lust for Life
  • The Brave One
  • Somebody Up There Likes Me
  • War and Peace
  • Written on the Wind
  • 5
  • 5
  • 2
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • Around the World in 80 Days
  • The King and I
  • Somebody Up There Likes Me
  • Anastasia
  • The Bespoke Overcoat
  • The Brave One
  • Crashing the Water Barrier
  • Giant
  • Lust for Life
  • The Man Who Knew Too Much
  • Mister Magoo's Puddle Jumper
  • The Red Balloon
  • The Silent World
  • The Solid Gold Cadillac
  • La Strada
  • The Ten Commandments
  • The True Story of the Civil War
  • Written on the Wind
  • NOMINATION/WIN TALLY LEGEND
  • Best Picture winner
  • Best Picture nominee
  • Nominations are listed for all films receiving 3 or more

PICTURE (Best Motion Picture)

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Michael Todd
  • Friendly Persuasion - William Wyler
  • Giant - George Stevens, Henry Ginsberg
  • The King and I - Charles Brackett
  • The Ten Commandments - Cecil B. DeMille

DIRECTING

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Michael Anderson
  • Friendly Persuasion - William Wyler
  • Giant - George Stevens
  • The King and I - Walter Lang
  • War and Peace - King Vidor

ACTOR

  • Yul Brynner - The King and I
  • James Dean - Giant
  • Kirk Douglas - Lust for Life
  • Rock Hudson - Giant
  • Sir Laurence Olivier - Richard III

ACTRESS

  • Carroll Baker - Baby Doll
  • Ingrid Bergman - Anastasia
  • Katharine Hepburn - The Rainmaker
  • Nancy Kelly - The Bad Seed
  • Deborah Kerr - The King and I

SUPPORTING ACTOR (Actor in a Supporting Role)

  • Don Murray - Bus STop
  • Anthony Perkins - Friendly Persuasion
  • Anthony Quinn - Lust for Life
  • Mickey Rooney - The Bold and the Brave
  • Robert Stack - Written on the Wind

SUPPORTING ACTRESS (Actress in a Supporting Role)

  • Mildred Dunnock - Baby Doll
  • Eileen Heckart - The Bad Seed
  • Dorothy Malone - Written on the Wind
  • Mercedes McCambridge - Giant
  • Patty McCormack - The Bad Seed

ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY

  • The Bold and the Brave - Robert Lewin
  • Julie - Andrew L. Stone
  • The Ladykillers - William Rose
  • The Red Balloon - Albert Lamorisse
  • La Strada - Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli

ADAPTED SCREENPLAY

  • Around the World in 80 Days - James Poe, John Farrow, S.J. Perelman
  • Baby Doll - Tennessee Williams
  • Friendly Persuasion - Michael Wilson [1]
  • Giant - Fred Guiol, Ivan Moffat
  • Lust for Life - Norman Corwin

MOTION PICTURE STORY

  • The Brave One - Dalton Trumbo [2]
  • The Eddy Duchin Story - Leo Katcher
  • High Society - Edward Bernds, Elwood Ullman [3]
  • The Proud and the Beautiful - Jean Paul Sartre
  • Umberto D. - Cesare Zavattini

SONG

  • "Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)" - Friendly Persuasion - Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster
  • "Julie" - Julie - Music by Leith Stevens; Lyrics by Tom Adair
  • "True Love" - High Society - Music, Lyrics by Cole Porter
  • "Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)" - The Man Who Knew Too Much - Music, Lyrics by Jay Livingston, Ray Evans
  • "Written on the Wind" - Written on the Wind - Music by Victor Young; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn

MUSIC (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture)

  • Anastasia - Alfred Newman
  • Around the World in 80 Days - Victor Young
  • Between Heaven and Hell - Hugo Friedhofer
  • Giant - Dimitri Tiomkin
  • The Rainmaker - Alex North

SCORING OF A MUSICAL PICTURE

  • The Best Things in Life Are Free - Lionel Newman
  • The Eddy Duchin Story - Morris Stoloff, George Duning
  • High Society - Johnny Green, Saul Chaplin
  • The King and I - Alfred Newman, Ken Darby
  • Meet Me in Las Vegas - George Stoll, Johnny Green

FILM EDITING

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Gene Ruggiero, Paul Weatherwax
  • The Brave One - Merrill G. White
  • Giant - William Hornbeck, Philip W. Anderson, Fred Bohanan
  • Somebody Up There Likes Me - Albert Akst
  • The Ten Commandments - Anne Bauchens

CINEMATOGRAPHY (Black-and-White)

  • Baby Doll - Boris Kaufman
  • The Bad Seed - Hal Rosson
  • The Harder They Fall - Burnett Guffey
  • Somebody Up There Likes Me - Joseph Ruttenberg
  • Stagecoach to Fury - Walter Strenge

CINEMATOGRAPHY (Color)

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Lionel Lindon
  • The Eddy Duchin Story - Harry Stradling
  • The King and I - Leon Shamroy
  • The Ten Commandments - Loyal Griggs
  • War and Peace - Jack Cardiff

ART DIRECTION (Black-and-White)

  • The Magnificent Seven - Takashi Matsuyama
  • The Proud and the Profane - Art Direction: Hal Pereira, A. Earl Hedrick; Set Decoration: Samuel M. Comer, Frank R. McKelvy
  • The Solid Gold Cadillac - Art Direction: Ross Bellah; Set Decoration: William R. Kiernan, Louis Diage
  • Somebody Up There Likes Me - Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Malcolm F. Brown; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, F. Keogh Gleason
  • Teenage Rebel - Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler, Jack Martin Smith; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Stuart A. Reiss

ART DIRECTION (Color)

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Art Direction: James W. Sullivan, Ken Adam; Set Decoration: Ross J. Dowd
  • Giant - Art Direction: Boris Leven; Set Decoration: Ralph S. Hurst
  • The King and I - Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler, John DeCuir; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox
  • Lust for Life - Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Hans Peters, Preston Ames; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, F. Keogh Gleason
  • The Ten Commandments - Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Walter H. Tyler, Albert Nozaki; Set Decoration: Samuel M. Comer, Ray Moyer

COSTUME DESIGN (Black-and-White)

  • The Magnificent Seven - Kohei Ezaki
  • The Power and the Prize - Helen Rose
  • The Proud and the Profane - Edith Head
  • The Solid Gold Cadillac - Jean Louis
  • Teenage Rebel - Charles LeMaire, Mary Wills

COSTUME DESIGN (Color)

  • Around the World in 80 Days - Miles White
  • Giant - Moss Mabry, Marjorie Best
  • The King and I - Irene Sharaff
  • The Ten Commandments - Edith Head, Ralph Jester, John Jensen, Dorothy Jeakins, Arnold Friberg
  • War and Peace - Marie De Matteis

SOUND RECORDING

  • The Brave One - King Bros. Productions, Inc., Sound Department, John Myers (Sound Director)
  • The Eddy Duchin Story - Columbia Studio Sound Department, John Livadary (Sound Director)
  • Friendly Persuasion - Westrex Sound Services, Inc., Gordon R. Glennan (Sound Director); Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department, Gordon Sawyer (Sound Director)
  • The King and I - 20th Century-Fox Studio Sound Department, Carl Faulkner (Sound Director)
  • The Ten Commandments - Paramount Studio Sound Department, Loren L. Ryder (Sound Director)

SPECIAL EFFECTS

  • Forbidden Planet - A. Arnold Gillespie, Irving Ries, Wesley C. Miller
  • The Ten Commandments - John Fulton

FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM [4]

  • The Captain of Kopenick - Federal Republic of Germany - West; Gyula Trebitsch, Walter Koppel
  • Gervaise - France; Annie Dorfmann
  • Harp of Burma - Japan; Masayuki Takagi
  • Qivitoq - Denmark; O. Dalsgaard-Olsen
  • La Strada - Italy; Dino De Laurentiis, Carlo Ponti

DOCUMENTARY (Feature)

  • The Naked Eye - Louis Clyde Stoumen
  • The Silent World - Jacques-Yves Cousteau
  • Where Mountains Float - The Government Film Committee of Denmark

DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)

  • A City Decides - Charles Guggenheim & Associates, Inc.
  • The Dark Wave - John Healy
  • The House without a Name - Valentine Davies
  • Man in Space - Ward Kimball
  • The True Story of the Civil War - Louis Clyde Stoumen

SHORT SUBJECT (Cartoon)

  • Gerald McBoing-Boing on Planet Moo - Stephen Bosustow
  • The Jay Walker - Stephen Bosustow
  • Mister Magoo's Puddle Jumper - Stephen Bosustow

SHORT SUBJECT (One-Reel)

  • Crashing the Water Barrier - Konstantin Kalser
  • I Never Forget a Face - Robert Youngson
  • Time Stood Still - Cedric Francis

SHORT SUBJECT (Two-Reel)

  • The Bespoke Overcoat - Romulus Films
  • Cow Dog - Larry Lansburgh
  • The Dark Wave - John Healy
  • Samoa - Walt Disney

HONORARY AWARDS

  • To Eddie Cantor for distinguished service to the film industry.

IRVING G. THALBERG MEMORIAL AWARD

  • Buddy Adler

JEAN HERSHOLT HUMANITARIAN AWARD

  • Y. Frank Freeman

SCIENTIFIC AND/OR TECHNICAL AWARD - TYPE III (Certificate)

  • To the TECHNICAL DEPARTMENTS OF PARAMOUNT PICTURES CORP. for the engineering and development of the Paramount light-weight horizontal-movement VistaVision camera. [Camera]
  • To TED HIRSCH, CARL HAUGE and EDWARD REICHARD of Consolidated Film Industries for an automatic scene counter for laboratory projection rooms. [Laboratory]
  • To DANIEL J. BLOOMBERG, JOHN POND, WILLIAM WADE and the ENGINEERING AND CAMERA DEPARTMENTS OF REPUBLIC STUDIO for the Naturama adaptation to the Mitchell camera. [Photography]
  • To RICHARD H. RANGER of Rangertone, Inc., for the development of a synchronous recording and reproducing system for quarter-inch magnetic tape. [Sound]
  • To ROY C. STEWART AND SONS of Stewart-Trans Lux Corp., DR. C.R. DAILY and the TRANSPARENCY DEPARTMENT OF PARAMOUNT PICTURES CORP. for the engineering and development of the HiTrans and Para-HiTrans rear projection screens. [Special Photographic]
  • To the CONSTRUCTION DEPARTMENT OF METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER STUDIO for a new hand-portable fog machine. [Stage Operations]

ACADEMY NOTES

  1. Early in 1956, the name of blacklisted screenwriter Michael Wilson had been deleted from the screen credits of 'Friendly Persuasion' by Allied Artists, the film's distributor, based on a 1952 agreement between the Screen Writers Guild and various production companies. That agreement gave studios the right to omit from the screen the name of any individual who had failed to clear himself before a duly constituted legislative committee of Congress if accused of Communist affiliations, as was the case with Wilson at the time. The Academy, in the awkward position of possibly conferring its highest honor on someone whose name had been omitted from screen credit, revised its bylaws at a special February 6, 1957, meeting. That revision, in essence, allowed that in such cases, the achievement itself could be eligible for nomination, but the specific writer would be ineligible. The following instructions were sent to Price Waterhouse & Co., Certified Public Accountants, who tabulated Academy ballots: '...we ask that if, in tabulating the nominations ballots for Best Screenplay (adapted), 'Friendly Persuasion' is one of the five nominations, you list the other four alphabetically by title and below: 'Friendly Persuasion' - Achievement nominated, but writer ineligible for Award under Academy By-Laws.' On February 17, 1957, the Academy's Board of Governors voted to instruct Price Waterhouse & Co. '...to list five nominations, and in the event that one of these is declared ineligible under the By-Law provision, four nominations would appear on the final ballot.' This nomination was not included on the final ballot. (The bylaw was repealed by the Academy as 'unworkable' on January 12, 1959.) On December 10, 2002, the Academy's Board of Governors voted to reinstate Mr. Wilson's nomination.]
  2. The name of the writer credited with authorship, Robert Rich, turned out to be an alias. Two decades later, the mystery was officially solved and the Academy statuette went (on May 2, 1975, presented by then Academy president Walter Mirisch) to its rightful owner, screenwriter Dalton Trumbo, blacklisted in 1956 by the industry for political affiliations. Robert Rich (who had nothing to do with the film industry) is a nephew of the King Brothers, producers of the film. They chose his name to be the alias for Dalton Trumbo on the screenplay.
  3. This is not an official nomination. Edward Bernds and Elwood Ullman, the authors of this Bowery Boys quickie, respectfully withdrew their own names and the nomination, aware that voters had probably mistaken their film with a 1956 MGM release with the same title written by John Patrick and starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly and Frank Sinatra. (Even so, MGM's 'High Society' would only have been eligible for adapted screenplay.)
  4. For this year only, the name(s) of the producer(s) were included in the nomination for the Foreign Language Film category.